Founding Statement


Signatories to the document “On Human Embryos and Stem Cell Research”

Institutional listings are for identification purposes only and do not imply support for Do No Harm by the respective institution.

Elliott Abrams, J.D.
Ethics and Public Policy Center

Louise Ackad, R.N., B.S.N., M.A. in International Human Rights
Alliance for Life International

Margaret Acker, M.D.
Psychiatry Resident
Medical College of Wisconsin

Scott Acker, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Pathology and Dermatology
Medical College of Wisconsin

Mary B. Adam, M.D.
Tucson, Arizona

Rod Adam, M.D.
Associate Professor of Medicine and Microbiology/Immunology

University of Arizona College of Medicine

Maria Sophia Aguirre, Ph. D., C.P.A., M.B.A.
Associate Professor of Economics
The Catholic University of America

Raphael E. Albert, Ph.D.
Lockport, Illinois

Michael C. Alley, Ph.D.
Comparative Pharmacology and Toxicology
Frederick, Maryland

Warren E. Anderson, M.D.
Anaesthesiologist (retired)
Lake Forest, Illinois

Arkansas Physicians Resource Council

Hadley Arkes, Ph.D.
Department of Political Sciences
Amherst College

Jean Appleman
Eugene, OR

Peter F. Armstrong
Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Utah

J. M. Arrunategui, M.D., F.A.C.O.G.
New Jersey Physicians Resource Council

Janet Ayello, MS, MT(ASCP)
Stem Cell Specialist

St. Joseph’s Regional Med Center
Paterson, New Jersey

Bridget Barnes, J.D.
Sioux City, Iowa

Felino Barnes, M.D.
N. Royalton, Ohio

Jim Barnett, M.D.
University of Illinois College of Medicine

Michael Bauman, Ph.D.
Professor of Theology and Culture
Director of Christian Studies
Hillsdale College

Michael S. Beates, M.Div., S.T.M.
Dean of Students and Instructor in Biblical Studies
Reformed Theological Seminary, Orlando, Florida

Bradley Beck, M.D.
Medical Issues Advisor
Focus on the Family

Francis J. Beckwith, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Philosophy, Culture, and Law
Trinity International University

Michael Behe, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Biological Sciences
Lehigh University

Reed Bell, M.D. (Pediatrics-Endocrinology)
Medical Director
Children’s Medical Services Program
State of Florida

Linda L. Bellig, M.A.
Medical College of South Carolina

Thomas G. Benoit, Ph.D. (Microbiology)
Professsor of Biology
McMurry University

William H. Benton, M.D.
Daniel J. Berger

Associate Professor of Chemistry
Bluffton College

Robert A. Best
The Culture of Life Foundation

Robert G. Best, Ph.D.
Director, Division of Genetics
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
University of South Carolina School of Medicine

Melinda S. Bentz
Aventis Pharmaceuticals

Linda Bevington, M.A.
Director of Research
The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity

Rev. Joachim Blonski
Pro-Life Director
Diocese of Gallup
Gallup, New Mexico

John A. Bloom, Ph.D., M.Div.
Associate Professor of Physics
Biola University

Raymond G. Bohlin, Ph.D. in Molecular and Cell Biology
Executive Director
Probe Ministries

Joseph A. Bonafede
Research Assistant and Ph.D. Candidate
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Jennifer Bond
Chicago Care – Schaumburg Pregnancy Center

W. Kirk Bond, D.D.S.
Cox/Bond Dental Group
Temple, Texas

Daniel Bonevac, Ph.D.
Professor and Chair, Department of Philosophy
University of Texas at Austin

Reginald L. Booker, M.S., D.Min.
Walter Reed Army Medical Center

André Bourque, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine
Faculté de médecine
University of Montreal

Watson A. Bowes Jr., M.D.
Professor Emeritus
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Christopher L. Brannen
Research Laboratory Assistant
Department of Psychiatry
The University of Illinois at Chicago Medical School

Karen L. Brauer, M.S., R.Ph.
Vice President
Pharmacists for Life International

Joel Brind, Ph.D.
Breast Cancer Prevention Institute
Professor of Human Biology and Endocrinology
Baruch College
City University of New York

Harold O. J. Brown, Ph.D.
Professor of Theology and Philosophy
Reformed Theological Seminary

Judie Brown
American Life League, Inc.

R. Geoffrey Brown, Ph.D.
Senior Pastor
Fletcher Hills Presbyterian Church

Andrea Brunault
Holyoke, Massachusettes

Don W. Buckley, M.D., F.A.A.F.P.
Family Physician
Executive Committee
Southern Baptist Convention

J. Budziszewski, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Government and Philosophy
University of Texas at Austin

Daniel L. Burden, Ph.D.
Research Chemist, National Research Council Fellow
Biotechnology Division
Biomolecular Materials Group
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Gaithersburg, Maryland

Lisa M. Burden, Ph.D.
Post-doctoral Fellow
Molecular Biology
Bethesda, Maryland

Leanne Beyer, R.N.
Viola, Wisconsin

Mark Beyer, R.N.
Viola, Wisconsin

Walton Malcolm Byrnes, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Howard University College of Medicine

Susan W. Cable
State Senator, District 27
State of Georgia

Donald F. Calbreath, Ph.D
Associate Professor, Chemistry Department
Whitworth College

Steven E. Calvin, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics/Gynecology
University of Minnesota

Nigel M. de S. Cameron, Ph.D.
Dean, The Wilberforce Forum
Senior Fellow and Advisory Board Chair, The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity

David C. Campbell
Ph.D. student in Paleobiology
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Father Francis Canavan, S.J.
Professor Emeritus of Political Science
Fordham University

Mary Cannon
Program Director
The Bioethics Project

Richard E. Carlson, M.D.
Aurora, Colorado

Verra Benner Carson, R.N., Ph.D.
Birector of Behavioral Health
Staff Builders Home Health and Hospital

Brian S. Carter, M.D.
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Section of Neonatology
Medical College of Georgia

Murray Joseph Casey, M.D., M.S., M.B.A.
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology Creighton University School of Medicine; Director of Gynecologic Oncology
Creighton Cancer Center

Samuel B. Casey, J.D.
Executive Director
Christian Legal Society

Brian Caulfield, M.A.
Catholic New York

Thomas A. Cavalieri, D.O.
Department of Medicine
University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey

Richard Cerami, DMD
Lake Shore Dental Ctr
Erie, PA

Jacqueline A. Chadwick, M.D.
Vice Dean for Phoenix University of Arizona College of Medicine

Robert Chasuk, M.D.
Associate Program Director
Family Medicine Residency, Baton Rouge General Medical Center

James Christiansen, J.D.
Salans Hertzfeld & Heilbronn
New York

Robert J. Cihak, M.D.
Senior Health Care Advisor and Analyst
Evergreen Freedom Foundation;
Board Member
Association of American Physicians and Surgeons

Helen Cindrichi
Executive Director
People Concerned for the Unborn Child
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Larry Cirignano
Communications Director
Catholic Alliance

Citizens for Community Values
Lansing, Illinois

Clarke E. Cochran
Professor of Political Science
Texas Tech University
Senior Research Fellow
Erasmus Institute
University of Notre Dame

Dana Cody, Esq.
Executive Director
Life Legal Defense Foundation

Eddie Colanter, M.A.
Director of Marketing
Trinity Law School

David Collart, Ph.D.
Associate Professor Biological Sciences
Clark Atlanta University

Vincent Condon, R.N.
Scripps Mercy Hospital

Joseph J. Cor, Ph.D.
State College, Pennsylvania

Clinton N. Corder, Ph.D., M.D.
Clinical Pharmacologist
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Cecilia M. Coutsias, M.D.
Diagnostic Radiologist
Clinical Diagnostic Radiology
Phoenix, Arizona

Peggy Cowan
New Jersey Physicians Resource Council

Amy Coxon, Ph.D. candidate
Bethesda, Maryland

Catherine T. Coyle, R.N., Ph.D.
University of Wisconsin

Robert Cranston, M.D.
Carle Clinic
Urbana, Illinois

Michael Cromartie, M.A.
Senior Fellow in Evangelical Studies
Ethics and Public Policy Center

Gary E. Crum, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Health Commissioner
Jackson County Health Department

John Cruzan
Professor of Biology
Geneva College

Clement P. Cunningham M.D.
Trinity Medical Center
Rock Island, Illinois

Gregg Cunningham, J.D.
Center for Bio-Ethical Reform

James W. Cunningham, Jr.
Palm Beach County Right to Life League, Inc.

Kim Curtis, R.N.
Assistant Director of Family Life
Diocese of Altoona
Johnstown, Pennsylvania

William Cutrer, M.D.
Associate Professor of Christian Ministries
The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

Scott Daniels, Ph.D.
Deputy Commissioner for Health Policy
Commonwealth of Virginia

John Jefferson Davis, Ph.D.
Professor of Systematic Theology and Christian Ethics
Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary

John I. Day
Regional Director
Pioneer Valley Region
Massachusetts Citizens for Life

Patricia R. Day
Chapter Chairman
Ludlow/Indian Orchard Chapter
Massachusetts Citizens for Life

Donald DeMarco, Ph.D.
Professor of Philosophy
St. Jerome’s University
University of Waterloo

Tim Demy, Th.D.
U.S. Navy

Dennis Desmarais, J.D.
Springfield, MA

Alan Denekas, M.S., M.D.
Carilion Bedford Memorial Hospital
Roanoke, Virginia

R. William Dickson, Ph.D.
All Saints Episcopal School
Tyler, Texas

James Dobson, Ph.D.
Focus on the Family

Richard M. Doerflinger, M.A.
Adjunct Fellow in Bioethics and Public Policy
National Catholic Bioethics Center

Jean Doi, M.A.
Northside Pregnancy Resource Center

Charles A Donovan, Sr.
Executive Vice President
Family Research Council

G. Kevin Donovan, M.D., M.L.A., F.A.A.P.
Executive Committee of the Bioethics Section
American Academy of Pediatrics;
Oklahoma Bioethics Center
Oklahoma University College of Medicine

Kenneth J. Dormer, Ph.D.
Professor of Physiology
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
Hough Ear Institute

Mary Frances Dorsey, J.D.
Amarillo, TX

Catherine A. Dowling, M.D.
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Howard M. Ducharme, D.Phil.
Philosophy Department
University of Akron

Dwight G. Duncan, J.D., J.C.D.
Associate Professor
Southern New England School of Law

Linda Duncan, M.S.N.
Assistant Professor of Nursing
North Park University

Keenan E. Dungey, Ph.D.
Dreyfus Fellow and Visiting Assitant Professor of Chemistry
Furman University

John Dunlop, M.D.
Zion Clinic
Zion, Illinois

Claretta DuPree, B.S.N., R.N., M.S.N., Ph.D
Associate Professor of Nursing and Ethics
North Park University

Arthur Dyck, Ph.D.

Mary B. Saltonstall Professor of Population Ethics
Harvard University

Albu van Eeden, M.D.
Communication from Doctors for Life
South Africa

Jean Bethke Elshtain
University of Chicago

Sue Alice Erickson, R.N., Ph.D.
SAE Health Communications

Nihal Essa, M.BBS., M.Phil.
Dr Essa.s Laboratory and Blood Bank
Karachi, Pakistan

Debra Evans
Author, Without Moral Limits
Austin, Texas

Robert W. Evans, Ph.D.
Veritas Ministries;
Veritas Institute for the Study of Bioethics and Public Values

Margaret C. Eyerman, Ph.D.
National Jewish Hospital
Family Life Education Foundation
Family Research Council

Steven D. Felix, M.D., F.A.A.P.
Providence Medical Group

Feminists for Life of America

Terry Ferguson, M.Div, M.A., Th.M.
University Christian Church

Great Lakes Christian College

Bobbie Dean Fine, Jr., M.D., F.A.C.P.
Arkansas Physicians Resource Council

Rev. James A. Fiore
Emmanuel Catholic Church

Kevin T. Fitzgerald, S.J., Ph.D.
Research Associate
Department of Hematology/Oncology
Loyola University Medical Center

Mary Ann Fitzwilson M.A., Ph.D.
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO

David B. Fletcher, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Philosophy
Wheaton College

Focus on the Family

Daniel R. Foley, J.D.
Vice President, Masco Corp.
Ann Arbor, MI

Martha Sue Forsbrey, Ed.D, M.S.N.
BSN Program Coordinator
University of Charleston

Clarke Forsythe
Americans United for Life

Joe Francis, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Biology
Cedarville College

David P. Frelinger, M.D.
Chief Medical Officer
Knights of Malta Free Clinic
Los Angeles, CA

Janet Frey, M.D.
Southwestern Medical Clinic

Lawrence J. Frieders, M.Mgt., M.A., R.Ph.
Independent Health Care Ethics Consultant

Winston Frost, J.D.
Trinity Law School

Mo Fung
Executive Director
Human Family Foundation

Edward Furton, M.A., Ph.D.
Director of Publications and Ethicist
The National Catholic Bioethics Center

Roger R. Gagnon, O.D.
Biddeford, Maine

Rev. Andrzej J. Galant, Ph.D.
Society of Christ
Minneapolis, MN

Elena Muller Garcia
Coordinator for Natural Family Planning
Diocese of Palm Beach

Jorge Garcia, Ph.D.
Department of Philosophy
Rutgers University

Visiting Research Fellow
Institute on Racial and Social Division
Boston University

Anthony M. Gawienowski, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biochemistry
University of Massachusetts

Norman Geisler, Ph.D.
Southern Evangelical Seminary

Rabbi Marc Gellman, Ph.D.
Huntington, New York

Robert P. George, J.D., D. Phil.
McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence
Princeton University

Mark E. Ginter, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Moral Theology
St. Meinrad School of Theology

E. Regina Giuliana, Ph.D.
Professor of Biology
St. Peter’s College
Jersey City, NJ

Sandra Glahn, Th.M.
Adjunct Professor
Dallas Theological Seminary
Kindred Spirit Magazine

Arden Glass
Castro Valley, California

Thomas A. Glessner, J.D.
President and General Counsel
National Institute of Family and Life Advocates
Fredericksburg, Virginia

Stephen Paul Goold
Crystal Evangelical Free Church

Doris Gordon
National Coordinator
Libertarians for Life

John S. Grabowski, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Moral Theology
The Catholic University of America

Dr. Joseph M. Graham
Texas Right to Life

John N. Greene, M.D.
University of S. Florida
College of Medicine

Brian T. Greuel, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Biology
John Brown University

Frances Griffin, T.O.P.
Prioress, Immaculate Conception Chapter
Third Order of Preachers

Bruce Groom, M.D.P.A.

Frank D. Grosshans, Ph.D.
Professor of Mathematics
West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Vicki Gustafson, B.S.N.
Senior Planning Analyst
Hennepen County Community Health

Susan Haack, M.D.
Christian Medical & Dental Sociey
Ethics Commission

John Haas
National Catholic Bioethics Center

Mary Anne Hackett
Illinois Right to Life Committee

Joanne M. Haffly
The Peninsula Gateway

Wauna, WA
W. David Hager, M.D., F.A.C.O.G.
Women’s Care Center
University of Kentucky School of Medicine

Robert J. Hale, Jr.
Attorney at Law
Member of Massachusetts Citizens for Life
Granby, Connecticut

Amy Laura Hall, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Theological Ethics
Duke Divinity School
Duke University

N. Gregory Hamilton, M.D.
Clinical Professor of Psychiatry
Oregon Health Sciences University
Cofounder and Past-President Physicians for Compassionate Care

Paul L. Hayes, M.D., F.A.C.O.G.
Holy Family Medical Specialties
Lincoln, Nebraska

Fr. William Hayward, M.I.C.
Darien, Illinois

Stephen J. Heaney, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Philosophy
University of St. Thomas

Richard C. Heckman, M.D.
American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology;
Staff Psychiatrist
Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Dr. William R. Heifner
Assistant Clinical Instructor of Family Medicine
University of Wisconsin/Physicians Plus Medical Group

Daniel R. Heimbach, Ph.D.
Professor of Christian Ethics
Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

Alice Heinzen
Office of Natural Family Planning
Diocese of La Crosse, Wisconsin

Jeff Heinzen
Office of Natural Family Planning
Diocese of La Crosse, Wisconsin

Samuel D. Hensley, M.D.
Clinical Assistant Professor
University of Mississippi

Sarah E. Hinlicky
Research Assistant
First Things

Max Hochanad
NLRB Attorney Seminarian
Woodinville, WA

Dr. Gilbert Hoefakker, Jr.
Director of Religious Studies Program
Oak Hills Christian College

Paul J. Hoehner, M.D.
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology
University of Mississippi School of Medicine

Nathan Hoeldtke, M.D.
Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tripler Army Medical Center

Gary A. Hofmeister
Indianapolis, IN

Art D. Holden, M.E.P.P.
Professor of Anatomy
University of Wisconsin – Whitewater

Dale D. Holloway, Ph.D.
Director of Community Based Ministries
Christian Medical & Dental Society

Dennis Hollinger, Ph.D.
Dean of College Ministries & Professor of Christian Ethics
Messiah College

Stephen B. Hollingshead, Ph.D.
American Bioethics Advisory Commission

Joe Hootman
Computer Training Specialist
University of Texas at Austin

C. Christopher Hook, M.D.
Mayo Clinic
Director of Ethics Education
Mayo Graduate School of Medicine

Marko Horb
Research Officer
Dept. of Biology & Biochemistry
University of Bath, UK

Fr. Joseph C. Howard, Jr.
Executive Director
The American Bioethics Advisory Commission

John P. Hubert Jr., M.D.
Fellow, American College of Surgeons Fellow, American College of Cardiology
Fellow, American College of Chest Physicians

Michael J. Huckabee, M.P.A.S., P.A.C.
Physician Assistant Program Director
Union College

Paul Hudson, M.D., M.P.H., F.A.C.P.
Community Service Ministries Consultant
SIM International

Philip J. Hulsman, M.D.
Louisville, Kentucky

Glenn M. Hultgren, D.C.
Executive Secretary
Christian Chiropractors Association

Arnold G. Hyndman, Ph.D.
Professor and Dean
Rutgers University
Illinois Federation for Right to Life

George Isajiw, M.D.
World Federation of Catholic Medical Associations
Past President
Catholic Medical Association (USA)

Ida Therese Jablanovec
Advisory Board Member
NOVA et VETERA: Journal of Christendom West

Peggy James, M.D.
Clinical Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
University of Florida College of Medicine

Robert Jenson, Ph.D.
Senior Scholar for Research
Center of Theological Inquiry

Henk Jochemsen, Ph.D.
Lindeboom Instituut for Medical Ethics
Ede, The Netherlands

Kristina Johannes, R.N.
Volunteer Instructor
The Couple to Couple League International, Inc.

Stanley M. Johnson, M.D.
Minnesota Physicians for Human Life

Robert J. Johnston
Libertarians for Life

Jeffery M. Jones, M.D., Ph.D.
Professor of Medicine
University of Wisconsin Medical School

Nancy L. Jones, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Pathology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Rex M. Joyce, M.D., F.A.C.S.
South Metro General Surgery
Kansas City, Missouri

John J. Jucas, MD
Dermatology Surgical Laser Clinic
Francis Kane
Professor of Philosophy
Salisbury State University

Kansans For Life

Charles S. Kelley, Jr., Ph.D.
New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary

Larry D. Kendrick, M.Div.
Hospital Chaplain

Nazarene Theological Seminary

Margaret Moriah Kennen
Scranton, Pennsylvania

D. James Kennedy, Ph.D.
Senior Pastor
Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church

Thomas D. Kennedy, Ph.D.
Department of Philosophy
Valparaiso University

Rev. Martha B. Kennerson, M.S.
S.T.A.R. Ministries
Killeen, TX

Drew L. Kershen
Earl Sneed Centennial Professor of Law
University of Oklahoma College of Law

John F. Kilner, Ph.D.
The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity

Alan H. King, Ph.D.
Hydrocolloid Technology Consulting
Food, Pharmaceutical, and Cosmetic Applications

Edward Lee King, M.D.
Summit Family Practice
Hermitage, Tennessee

John F. Kippley
The Couple to Couple League International, Inc.

C. Ward Kischer, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
University of Arizona College of Medicine

Dr. Nelson D. Kloosterman
Professor of Ethics and New Testament
Mid-America Reformed Seminary

Scott Klusendorf
Director of Bio-Ethics
Stand to Reason

Nancy Koester, Ph.D.
Adjunct Professor
Luther Seminary

C. Everett Koop, M.D.
Former U.S. Surgeon General;
Koop Institute
Dartmouth College

Gregory Koukl
Stand to Reason

Ronald J. Koronkowski, B.S.M.E.
Santa Cruz, California

Janice G. Kramb
Indiana State University

Harry L. Kraus, Sr., M.D.
Medical College of Virginia

Jennifer Lahl, R.N., M.A.
Executive Director
The Center for Bioethics in the Church

Hueymin Lai, Ph.D.
Biomedical Engineering Center
Hsin-Chu, Taiwan

James I. Lamb
Executive Director
National Lutherans for Life

Richard D. Land, D.Phil.
Southern Baptist Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission

Judy K. Lattmann, M.D.
Sparta, Wisconsin

James Lau, M.D.
Orthopaedic Surgeon
Department of Orthopaedics
Kaiser Permanente

Barbara Stinson Lee
Intermountain Catholic
Jinju Lee, Ph.D.

Beckman Institute

Julia Lehman, M.D.
Lafayette Surgical Clinic

Steve W. Lemke, Ph.D.
Dean of Graduate Faculty
Professor of Philosophy
New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary

Richard G. Lester, M.D.
Professor Emeritus, Radiology
Eastern Virginia Medical School

Jim Lissemore, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Biology
John Carroll University

Richard G. Lester, M.D.
Professor Emeritus of Radiology
Eastern Virginia Medical School

Philip Lewis, M.D.
Chief, Department of Psychiatry
Tripler Army Medical Center

Michael Liccione, Ph.D.
Greensboro, North Carolina

Life Legal Defense Foundation

Joe Loconte
William E. Simon Fellow in Religion and a Free Society
Heritage Foundation

Elizabeth S. Londino, M.D.
Family Practice Physician
St. Louis, Missouri

Douglas A. Lora, M.B.A.
Executive Director
Advanced Computing Group
Los Alamos National Laboratory

Russell Maatman
Professor Emeritus of Chemistry
Dordt College

Colleen MacKay
Feminists for Life of Virginia

Paul Madtes, Jr., Ph.D.
Professor and Chairman of Biology
Mouth Vernon Nazarene College

Joseph M. Magee, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Philosophy
University of Saint Thomas

Matthew Malek
American Collegians for Life

Hon. Robert G. Marshall
Virginia House of Delegates
13th District of Virginia

Jon D. Mason, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Eastern Virginia Medical School

Warren P. Mass
Managing Editor
The John Birch Society Bulletin

Mary Matuska
Pro-Life Wisconsin

Bess McAneny, M.S.
Delaware Pro-Life Coalition

Vincent P. McCarthy, J.D.
Senior Northeast Counsel
American Center for Law and Justice

G. David McClure, Jr., Ph.D.
Patent Agent
Lexington, Kentucky

Daniel McConchie, M.A.
Director of Operations, Media and Policy
The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity

David McFadden, M.D.
D.M. General Surgery
Poplar Bluff, Missouri

Joe S. McIlhaney, Jr., M.D.
The Medical Institute for Sexual Health

Thomas E. Meads, M.D.
General Surgeon
Culpeper Memorial Hospital

Rev. John R. Meyer
Opus Dei Prelature
San Francisco, California

Peter Meyer
Aquinas Academy
Wilmington, Delaware

Paul F. Meyerhoefer
Attorney at Law
Carpenter, Paffenbarger & Meyerhoefer;
Legal Liaison
Biomedical Ethics Committee
Fisher-Titus Medical Center
Norwalk, Ohio

Susan Meyers, R.N.
National Association of Pro-Life Nurses

Ralph P. Miech, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Dept. of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biotechnology
Brown University School of Medicine

Ruth C. Miles, Ph.D.
Professor of Biochemistry
Malone College

Kevin E. Miller
Department of Theology
Franciscan University

Fred de Miranda, M.D., F.A.A.P.
Member of the Section of Bioethics
American Academy of Pediatrics

Sister Renee Mirkes, O.S.F., Ph.D.
Center for NaProEthics
Ethics Division for the Pope Paul VI Institute

C. Ben Mitchell, Ph.D.
Ethics & Medicine Journal;
Associate Professor of Bioethics and Contemporary Culture
Trinity International University

Brian Moccia
Human Life International
Toronto Chapter Associate

R. Albert Mohler, Jr., Ph.D.
The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

Joanna K. Mohn, M.D.
New Jersey Physicians Resource Council

Kenneth L. Mohn
Research Fellow
Merck Research Laboratories

Daniel P. Moloney, M.A.
Associate Editor
First Things

Trudy Jane Moore
Radiology Services P.A.
Fort Smith, Arkansas

J. P. Moreland, Ph.D.
Professor of Philosophy
Talbot School of Theology
Biola University

Alicia Mosier
Editorial Assistant
First Things

Ronald W. Motley, Ph.D.
Executive Director & Founder
Family Care of Northern Virginia

Joseph W. Moylan
Retired Judge
State of Nebraska

R. Bob Mullins, Jr., M.D.
Family Physician
Valley, Alabama

Donald W. Munro, Ph.D.
Executive Director
American Scientific Affiliation

James Lee Murphy, Esq.
Attorney at Law
Irving, Texas

Ronald Nash, Ph.D.
Professor of Philosophy and Theology
Reformed Theological Seminary

Bernard N. Nathanson, M.A. (Bioethics), M.D.
Clinical Associate Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology
New York Medical College

Karen F. Neeley, M.D.
Associate Director
St. Mary’s Family Practice Residency Program

Fr. Richard John Neuhaus
Institute on Religion and Public Life

D. Peggy Norris
Honorable Secretary
Medical Education Trust

David Novak, Ph.D.
J. Richards and Dorothy Shiff Chair of Jewish Studies
University of Toronto

Michael Novak
George Fredrick Jewett Scholar
Religious Philosophy and Education Theologian
American Enterprise Institute

James Nuechterlein
First Things

David Obeid, B.Ed., M.A.
Lumen Verum Apologetics
Mount Lewis, NSW, Australia

John Cavanaugh O’Keefe
Eugenics Watch

Martha Ogburn, R.N., M.S.
Eastern Shore Pregnancy Center
Salisbury, Maryland

Malcolm B. Oliver, M.D.
Family Physician
Republic, Missouri

Donal P. O’Mathuna
Professor of Bioethics and Chemistry
Mount Carmel College of Nursing

Robert D. Orr, M.D.
Director of Clinical Ethics
Loma Linda Univerisity

H. Robert C. Pankratz
Canadian Physicians for Life

Angela Paquin
Operations Manager
Intercollegiate Studies Institute

Colleen G. Parro
Republican National Coalition for Life

Dave Parry
Honorable Secretary
Human Life Council

Rita J. Patton
“Know Your Faith”

Daniela Paun, M.D.
University of Amsterdam

Fr. Frank Pavone
National Director
Priests for Life

Franklin E. Payne, M.D.
Associate Professor of Family Medicine
Medical College of Wisconsin

William W. Payne, P.G.
Senior Geologist
Law Engineering and Environmental Services, Inc.

Edmund D. Pellegrino, M.D.
Center for Clinical Bioethics
Georgetown University Medical Center

Rebecca D. Pentz, Ph.D.
Clinical Ethicist
Houston, Texas
People Concerned for the Unborn Child

Mark Pickup
Chronic, Progressive Multiple Sclerosis Patient
Beaumont, Alberta, Canada

Karen D. Poehailos, M.D.
Family Physician
Board Certified, American Board of Family Practice

David Prentice, Ph.D.
Professor of Life Sciences
Indiana State University

Dr. Todd P. Primm
Post-Doctoral Fellow
Rockville, Maryland

The ProLife Alliance London

Pro-Life Union of Southeast Pennsylvania
Glenside, Pennsylvania

Pro-Life Wisconsin

Russell Pond
New Hampshire Prolife Council

Josephine Quintavalle
Comment on Reproductive Ethics

Bonnie Quirke
Illinois Federation for Right to Life

Scott B. Rae, Ph.D.
Professor of Biblical Studies and Christian Ethics
Talbot School of Theology
Biola University

Allen Rastrelli, M.D.
Kaiser Permanente

Sam Ratcliffe, Ph.D.
Head, Jerry Biwaters Special Collections
Hamon Arts Library
Southern Methodist University

S. DuBose Ravenel, M.D., F.A.A.P.
Pediatrics Private Practice
Cornerstone Pediatrics
High Point, North Carolina

The Raynaud’s Foundation

Stephanie Birkey Reffey, Ph.D.
Metabolism Researcher
Bethesda, Maryland

Judith A. Reisman, Ph.D.
The Institute for Media Education

Howard L. Richards, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Physics
Texas A&M University- Commerce

Jay Wesley Richards, Ph.D. (cand.)
Senior Fellow and Director of Program Development
Center for the Renewal of Science and Culture
Discovery Institute

Charles E. Rice, L.L.M., J.S.D.
Professor of Law
Notre Dame Law School

Susan Riffe, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Accounting
Southern Methodist University

Mary Riley
Administrative Director
Life Legal Defense Foundation

Jin Ritian, M.S.
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Beijing, China

Michael V. Rock, M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.C.G.
Former President, Catholic Medical Association

Sister Norma Rockridge
Vice President
Marion College

Elise Rose, Ph.D.
Madison, Wisconsin

Stanley P. Rosenberg, Ph.D.
Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies
Keble College, Oxford University

R.W. Ross, M.D.
Van Buren, Arkansas

Father Anthony Ruff, O.S.B.
St. John’s University

Thomas A. Russell
Director of Communications
Diocese of Lafayette in Indiana

Bonnie Ryan
Arlington, VA

Scott Ryan
Libertarians for Life

Ehsan Samei, Ph.D., M.E.
Technical Director
Radiology Informatics
Assistant Professor of Radiology
Medical University of South Carolina

Cynthia N. Sander
Professor and Chair of Nursing
Trinity Christian College

Jean L. Santo, M.D.
Capital Area Pain Management Consultants
Division of Pain Management
Pinnacle Health Care System
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania

William Saunders, J.D.
Counsel for Human Rights
Family Research Council

Robert J Saxer, M.D.
Catholic Medical Association

Father Michael Scanlan, T.O.R.
Franciscan University of Steubenville

Michael A. Scaperlanda
Professor of Law
University of Oklahoma

Nancy Schaefer
Family Concerns, Inc.

Steve Schexnayder, M.D.
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Internal Medicine
Arkansas Children’s Hospital
University of Arkansas for Medical Science

Terry Schlossberg
Executive Director
Presbyterians Pro-Life

Maria Schmitz
Executive Director
Human Life Alliance of Minnesota

John Schuh, M.A.
Lake Dallas, TX

Howard Searle, M.D., M.P.H.
Elgin, Illinois

Jim Sedlak, M.S.
STOPP International

Mary Senander
Director of Communications
Minnesota Physicians for Human Life

Kristine M. Severyn, R.Ph., Ph.D.
Vaccine Policy Institute

Vern J. Simon, M.A.
Registered Medical Technologist,
ASCP Instructor, Member
Medical College of Georgia
LTC, US Army Ret.

Joyce Shelton, Ph.D.
Professor of Biology
Trinity International University

Sandra L. Sheppard, B.A. (biology)
Director of Children’s Ministries
Lakeside Christian Church
Lakeside Park, Kentucky

David A. Sherwood, M.S.W., Ph.D.
Professor of Social Work
Roberts Wesleyan College

Dr. Mary Shivanandan
John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage & Family

Bernadette Shonka
Colonel (retired)
U.S. Army

Catherine Short, Esq.
Legal Director
Life Legal Defense Foundation

Frank B. Simpson, Ph. D.
School of Pharmacy
University of Wisconsin

David E. Smith, M.D.
Little Rock, Arkansas

James J. Sotis, M.A.
Research Assistant
University of Minnesota Medical School, Dept. of Ophthalmology

Joseph B. Stanford, M.D., C.N.F.P.M.C.
American Academy of Natural Family Planning;
Assistant Professor
Department of Family and Preventative Medicine
University of Utah

Anne Marie Stearns
Founder, Director
The National Marden Walker Syndrome Org.

Edward Stehouwer, M.D.
Family Practice
Cadillac, Michigan

Rev. Robert E. Steinke, Ph.D.
Director of Pastoral Care
Frederick Memorial Health Care System
Frederick, Maryland

Theo Sterns, T.O.P.
Catholics United for Life
David Stevens, M.D.
Executive Director
Christian Medical & Dental Society

Gary P. Stewart, D.Min.
U.S. Navy

Eric Stuart
Arkansas Physicians Resource Council

Michael G. Strauss, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Department of Physics and Astronomy
University of Oklahoma

Julie Struble, R.N.
Liberty Hospital
Liberty, Missouri

G. Steven Suits, M.D.
Palmetto Physicians Resource Council
Palmetto Family Council

Dennis M. Sullivan, M.D.
Associate Professor of Biology
Cedarville College

Agneta Sutton, Ph.D.
Centre for Bioethics and Public Policy, London

Randall J. Suttor, M.D.
Staff Physician
Ancilla Health Services
Bremen, Indiana

Nina Sweeney, M.S.
Consultant, Computational Biology
Woodbridge, Virginia

Shoyo Taniguchi, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
Kagoshima University Dental School, Japan

Peter Terry, M.D.
Peoria Christian Medical & Dental Society

Mary R. Thompson, R.N., M.S.N.
Nurses Christian Fellowship

Clare M. Thornton
Executive Director
Illinois Right to Life Committee

Shannon Tierney
Washington University School of Medicine

Stephen K. Toadvines, M.D., M.P.H.
Family Practice
Corbin Family Health Center
Corbin, Kentucky

William L. Toffler, M.D.
Professor of Family Medicine
Oregon Health Sciences University

Joan A. Traver, M.D.
Partners in Health
Sister Bay, Wisconsin

Linda L. Treloar, R.N., Ph.D.
Nursing Faculty
Scottsdale Community College

Mark N. Troobnick, J.D.
Special Litigation Counsel
American Center for Law and Justice

Larry S. Trzupek, Ph.D.
Professor of Chemistry
Furman University

Robert W. Tuttle, Ph.D.
Professor of Law
National Law Center
George Washington University

Sherry Tyree
Vice President
Women for Faith and Family

Stephen J. Usala, M.D., Ph.D.
Endocrinology and Internal Medicine
Private Practice
Amarillo, Texas;
Former Senior Staff Fellow
National Institutes of Health

Virginia VanderMay, R.N.
First Way Pregnancy Center
Winnemucca, Nevada

Mark L. Vaudewalker, M.D.
Clinical Research of the Ozarks
Columbia, Missouri

Peter S. Verrill, M.D., F.A.C.O.G.
Gessler Clinic Women’s Division
Winter Haven, Florida

Ingolf H.L. Wallow, M.D.
Professor Emeritus
University of Wisconsin Medical School

Harvey R.G. Ward, M.D.
Specialist Gynaecologist
Tygerberg Hospital
University of Stellenbosch

Susan O’Loughlin Ward
Health Policy Consultant

Richard A. Watson, M.D.
Past President
Catholic Medical Association;
Associate Professor of Surgery
Division of Urology
UMDNJ New Jersey Medical School

Walt F. Weaver, M.D.
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Nebraska School of Medicine

David Wells, Ph.D.
Academic Dean
Professor of Historical and Systematic Theology
Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary– Charlotte

Austin T. Welsh, M.D.
Highland Medical Clinic
Hardy, Arkansas

Peter J. West, M.A.
Priest Associate
Holy Apostles Seminary

John R. Whiffen, M.D.
Orthopaedic Surgeon (retired)
Madison, Wisconsin

Michael White
Bonneville Realty Capitol

Jean E. Whitmarsh, R.N.
Integris Baptist Medical Center

J.C. Willke, M.D.
Life Issues Institute
Cincinnati, Ohio

John Wilks, B.Pharm., M.P.S., M.A.C.P.P.
Pharmacists for Life (Australia)

Jerome Wernow, Ph.D., R.Ph.
Northwest Center of Bioethics
Portland, Oregon

Marlene Wohleber
People Concerned for the Unborn Child
Pittsburgh, PennylvaniaAlan Wright, M.D.
Mayo Clinic

Elton Wolter

Donald K. Wood, M.D., F.A.C.S.
Associate Professor of Surgical Oncology
University of Illinois College of Medicine;
Surgical Services
VA Chicago Health Care System

Alan Wricht, M.D.
Mayo Clinic

Frank E. Young, M.D., Ph.D.
Former Commissioner
Food and Drug Administration;
Dean Emeritus
School of Medicine and Dentistry
University of Rochester

Rev. Charles Zach, O.S.B.
Mt. Michael Benedictine

Francis E. Zaptka
Professor Emeritus of Literature
American University;
Member of the Board of Directors
University Faculty for Life